Bibliografía – Ejercicio Terapéutico en el hombro

ÚLTIMA ACTUALIZACIÓN: 9 de Abril de 2020

Ejercicio terapéutico en hombro: Bibliografía actualizada


Lin I, Wiles L, Waller R, Goucke R, Nagree Y, Gibberd M, Straker L, Maher CG, O’Sullivan PPB. What does best practice care for musculoskeletal pain look like? Eleven consistent recommendations from high-quality clinical practice guidelines: systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2019 Mar 2.

Michener LA, Abrams JS, Bliven KCH, Falsone S, Laudner KG, McFarland EG, Tibone JE, Thigpen CA, Uhl TL. National Athletic Trainers’ Association Position Statement: Evaluation, Management, and Outcomes of and Return-to- Play Criteria for Overhead Athletes With Superior Labral Anterior-Posterior Injuries. J Athl Train. 2018 Mar;53(3):209-229

Jung C, Tepohl L, Tholen R, Beitzel K, Buchmann S, Gottfried T, Grim C, Mauch B, Krischak G, Ortmann H, Schoch C, Mauch F. Rehabilitation following rotator cuff repair: A work of the Commission Rehabilitation of the German Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery (DVSE) in collaboration with the German Association for Physiotherapy (ZVK), the Association Physical Therapy, Association for Physical Professions (VPT)  and the Section Rehabilitation-Physical Therapy of the German Society for Orthopaedics and Trauma (DGOU). Obere Extrem. 2018;13(1):45-61.



Wells SN, Schilz JR, Uhl TL, Gurney AB. A literature rewiew of studies evaluating rotator cuff activation during early rehabilitation exercises for Post – Op Rotator cuff repair. Journey of Exercise Physiology 2016;19(3):70-99


Diercks R, Bron C, Dorrestijn O, Meskers C, Naber R, de Ruiter T, Willems J, Winters J, van der Woude HJ; Dutch Orthopaedic Association. Guideline for diagnosis and treatment of subacromial pain syndrome: a multidisciplinary review by the Dutch Orthopaedic Association. Acta Orthop. 2014 Jun;85(3):314-22.

Kelley MJ, Shaffer MA, Kuhn JE, Michener LA, Seitz AL, Uhl TL, Godges JJ, McClure PW. Shoulder pain and mobility deficits: adhesive capsulitis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2013 May;43(5):A1-31


Ejercicio terapéutico en hombro: Bibliografía actualizada



Andronic O, Ernstbrunner L, Jüngel A, Wieser K, Bouaicha S. Biomarkers associated with idiopathic frozen shoulder: a systematic review. Connect Tissue Res. 2019 Aug 7:1-8


Keller RA, De Giacomo AF, Neumann JA, Limpisvasti O, Tibone JE. Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit and Risk of Upper Extremity Injury in Overhead Athletes: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review. Sports Heatlh 2018 Mar/Apr;10(2):125 – 132


Steuri R, Sattelmayer M, Elsig S, Kolly C, Tal A, Taeymans J, Hilfiker R. Effectiveness of conservative interventions including exercise, manual therapy and medical management in adults with shoulder impingement: a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Sep;51(18):1340-1347.

Smith BE, Hendrick P, Smith TO, Bateman M, Moffatt F, Rathleff MS, Selfe J, Logan P. Should exercises be painful in the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Dec;51(23):1679-16 87

Gismervik SØ, Drogset JO, Granviken F, Rø M, Leivseth G. Physical examination tests of the shoulder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test performance. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017 Jan 25;18(1):41.


Abdulla SY, Southerst D, Côté P, Shearer HM, Sutton D, Randhawa K, Varatharajan S, Wong JJ, Yu H, Marchand AA, Chrobak K, Woitzik E, Shergill Y, Ferguson B, Stupar M, Nordin M, Jacobs C, Mior S, Carroll LJ, van der Velde G, Taylor-Vaisey A. Is exercise effective for the management of subacromial impingement syndrome and other soft tissue injuries of the shoulder? A systematic review by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration. Man Ther. 2015 Oct;20(5):646-56



Ratcliffe E, Pickering S, McLean S, Lewis J. Is there a relationship between subacromial impingement syndrome and scapular orientation? A systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2014 Aug;48(16):1251-6

Russell RD, Knight JR, Mulligan E, Khazzam MS. Structural integrity after rotator cuff repair does not correlate with patient function and pain: a meta-analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Feb 19;96(4):265-71

Page MJ, Green S, Kramer S, Johnston RV, McBain B, Chau M, Buchbinder R. Manual therapy and exercise for adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder) Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Aug 26;(8):CD011275.


Timmons MK, Thigpen CA, Seitz AL, Karduna AR, Arnold BL, Michener LA. Scapular kinematics and subacromial-impingement syndrome: a meta-analysis. J Sport Rehabil. 2012 Nov;21(4):354-70.


Chester R, Smith TO, Hooper L, Dixon J. The impact of subacromial impingement syndrome on muscle activity patterns of the shoulder complex: a systematic review of electromyographic studies. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010 Mar 9;11:45



Krogsbøll LT, Hróbjartsson A, Gøtzsche PC. Spontaneous improvement in randomised clinical trials: meta-analysis of three-armed trials comparing no treatment, placebo and active intervention. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2009 Jan 5;9:1.


Ejercicio terapéutico en hombro: Bibliografía actualizada



Turgut E, Duzgun I, Baltaci G. Effects of Scapular Stabilization Exercise Training on Scapular Kinematics, Disability, and Pain in Subacromial Impingement: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 Oct;98(10):1915-1923



Myers NL, Toonstra JL, Smith JS, Padgett CA, Uhl TL. Sustained isometric shoulder contraction on muscular strength and endurance: a randomized clinical trial. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Dec;10(7):1015-25

van den Dolder PA, Ferreira PH, Refshauge KM. Effectiveness of Soft Tissue Massage for Nonspecific Shoulder Pain: Randomized Controlled Trial. Phys Ther. 2015 Nov;95(11):1467-77

Blume C, Wang-Price S, Trudelle-Jackson E, Ortiz A. Comparison of eccentric and concentric exercise interventions in adults with subacromial impingement syndrome. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Aug;10(4):441-55.

Camargo PR, Alburquerque-Sendín F, Avila MA, Haik MN, Vieira A, Salvini TF. Effects of Stretching and Strengthening Exercises, With and Without Manual Therapy, on Scapular Kinematics, Function, and Pain in Individuals With Shoulder Impingement: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Dec;45(12):984-97



Dunn WR, Kuhn JE, Sanders R, An Q, Baumgarten KM, Bishop JY, Brophy RH, Carey JL, Holloway GB, Jones GL, Ma CB, Marx RG, McCarty EC, Poddar SK, Smith MV, Spencer EE, Vidal AF, Wolf BR, Wright RW. Symptoms of pain do not correlate with rotator cuff tear severity: a cross-sectional study of 393 patients with a symptomatic atraumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tear. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 May 21;96(10):793-800

Andersen CH, Andersen LL, Zebis MK, Sjøgaard G. Effect of scapular function training on chronic pain in the neck/shoulder region: a randomized controlled trial. J Occup Rehabil. 2014 Jun;24(2):316-24

Russel S, Jariwala A, Conlon R, Selfe J, Richards J, Walton M . A blinded, randomized, controlled trial assessing conservative management strategies for frozen shoulder. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014 Apr;23(4):500-7.

Moezy A, Sepehrifar S, Solaymani Dodaran M. The effects of scapular stabilization based exercise therapy on pain, posture, flexibility and shoulder mobility in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome: a controlled randomized clinical trial. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014 Aug 27;28:87



Struyf F, Nijs J, Mollekens S, Jeurissen I, Truijen S, Mottram S, Meeusen R. Scapular-focused treatment in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome: a randomized clinical trial. Clin Rheumatol. 2013 Jan;32(1):73-85



Moore SD, Laudner KG, McLoda TA, Shaffer MA. The immediate effects of muscle energy technique on posterior shoulder tightness: a randomized controlled trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2011 Jun;41(6):400-7



Manske RC, Meschke M, Porter A, Smith B, Reiman M. A randomized controlled single-blinded comparison of stretching versus stretching and joint mobilization for posterior shoulder tightness measured by internal rotation motion loss. Sports Health. 2010 Mar;2(2):94-100

Osterås H, Torstensen TA. The dose-response effect of medical exercise therapy on impairment in patients with unilateral longstanding subacromial pain. Open Orthop J. 2010 Jan 5;4:1-6.



McClure P, Balaicuis J, Heiland D, Broersma ME, Thorndike CK, Wood A. A randomized controlled comparison of stretching procedures for posterior shoulder tightness. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2007 Mar;37(3):108-14


Ejercicio terapéutico en hombro: Bibliografía actualizada



Barreto RPG, Braman JP, Ludewig PM, Ribeiro LP, Camargo PR. Bilateral magnetic resonance imaging findings in individuals with unilateral shoulder pain. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2019 Sep;28(9):1699-1706

Park J, Choi YH, Chai JW, Cha SW, Lim JH, Jo CH, Kim DH. Anterior capsular abnormality: another important MRI finding for the diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. Skeletal Radiol. 2019 Apr;48(4):543-552

Larsen CM, Søgaard K, Eshoj H, Ingwersen K, Juul-Kristensen B. Clinical assessment methods for scapular positioning and function. An inter-rater reliability study. Physiother Theory Pract. 2019 Mar 29:1-22



Chester R, Jerosch- Herold  C, Lewis J, Shepstone L. Psychological factors are associated with the outcome of physiotherapy for people with shoulder pain: a multicentre longitudinal cohort study. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Feb; 52(4): 269–275

Rabin A, Chechik O, Dolkart O, Goldstein Y, Maman E. A positive scapular assistance test is equally present in various shoulder disorders but more commonly found among patients with scapular diskinesis. Phys Ther Sport. 2018 Nov;34:129-135

Chester R, Jerosch-Herold C, Lewis J, Shepstone L. Psychological factors are associated with the outcome of physiotherapy for people with shoulder pain: a multicentre longitudinal cohort study. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Feb;52(4):269-275

Watson L, Balster S, Lenssen R, Hoy G, Pizzari T. The effects of a conservative rehabilitation program for multidirectional instability of the shoulder. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2018 Jan;27(1):104-111



Maor MB, Ronin T, Kalichman L. Scapular dyskinesis among competitive swimmers. J Body Mov Ther. 2017 Jul;21(3):633-636

Calé-Benzoor M, Maenhout A, Arnon M, Tenenbaum G, Werrin M, Cools A. Quality assessment of shoulder plyometric exercises: Examining the relationship to scapular muscle activity. Phys Ther Sport. 2017 Jul;26:27-34

Jeong HJ, Cynn HS, Yi CH, Yoon JW, Lee JH, Yoon TL, Kim BB. Stretching position can affect levator scapular muscle activity, length, and cervical range of motion in people with a shortened levator scapulae. Phys Ther Sport. 2017 Jul;26:13-19



Dunn WR, Kuhn JE, Sanders R et als. 2013 Neer Award: predictors of failure of nonoperative treatment of chronic , symptomatic, full – thickness rotator cuff tears. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2016; 25, 1303 – 1311

Uga D, Endo Y, Nakazawa R, Sakamoto M. Electromyographic analysis of the infraspinatus and scapular stabilizing muscles during isometric shoulder external rotation at various shoulder elevation angles. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Jan;28(1):154-8

Millett PJ, Giphart JE, Wilson KJ, Kagnes K, Greenspoon JA. Alterations in Glenohumeral Kinematics in Patients With Rotator Cuff Tears Measured With Biplane Fluoroscopy. Arthroscopy. 2016 Mar;32(3):446-51

Madokoro K, Gotoh M, Kai Y, Kakuma T, Nagamatsu T, Shiba N. Effect of external load on scapular upward rotation during arm elevation: the knot concept. J Exp Orthop. 2016 Dec;3(1):8

Turgut E, Duzgun I, Baltaci G. Effect of trapezius muscle strength on three-dimensional scapular kinematics. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Jun;28(6):1864-7

Castelein B, Cools A, Parlevliet T, Cagnie B. Modifying the shoulder joint position during shrugging and retraction exercises alters the activation of the medial scapular muscles. Man Ther. 2016 Feb;21:250-5

Maenhout A, Benzoor M, Werin M, Cools A. Scapular muscle activity in a variety of plyometric exercises. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2016 Apr;27:39-45

Castelein B, Cagnie B, Parlevliet T, Cools A.Scapulothoracic muscle activity during elevation exercises measured with surface and fine wire EMG: A comparative study between patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and healthy controls. Man Ther. 2016 Jun;23:33-9

Castelein B, Cagnie B, Parlevliet T, Cools A. Superficial and Deep Scapulothoracic Muscle Electromyographic Activity During Elevation Exercises in the Scapular Plane. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Mar;46(3):184-93

Uga D, Nakazawa R, Sakamoto M. Strength and muscle activity of shoulder external rotation of subjects with and without scapular dyskinesis. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Apr;28(4):1100-5

Lee JH, Cynn HS, Choi WJ, Jeong HJ, Yoon TL. Various shrug exercises can change scapular kinematics and scapular rotator muscle activities in subjects with scapular downward rotation syndrome. Hum Mov Sci. 2016 Feb;45:119-29



Lopes AD, Timmons MK, Grover M, Ciconelli RM, Michener LA. Visual scapular dyskinesis: kinematics and muscle activity alterations in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Feb;96(2):298-306

Alizadehkhaiyat O, Hawkes DH, Kemp GJ, Frostick SP. Electromyographic Analysis of the Shoulder Girdle Musculature During External Rotation Exercises. Orthop J Sports Med. 2015 Nov 4;3(11):2325967115613988

Alizadehkhaiyat O, Hawkes DH, Kemp GJ, Frostick SP. Electromyographic analysis of shoulder girdle muscles during common internal rotation exercises. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Oct;10(5):645-54

Batbayar Y, Uga D, Nakazawa R, Sakamoto M. Effect of various hand position widths on scapular stabilizing muscles during the push-up plus exercise in healthy people. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Aug;27(8):2573-6

Bdaiwi AH, Mackenzie TA, Herrington L, Horsley I, Cools AM. Acromiohumeral Distance During Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation of the Lower Trapezius and Serratus Anterior Muscles in Healthy Participants. J Athl Train. 2015 Jul;50(7):713-8

Seitz AL, McClelland RI, Jones WJ, Jean RA, Kardouni JR. A comparison of change in 3D scapular kinematics with maximal contractions and force production with scapular muscle tests between asymptomatic overhead athletes with and without scapular diskinesis. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Jun;10(3):309-18

Jung MC, Kim SJ, Rhee JJ, Lee DH. Electromyographic activities of the subscapularis, supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles during passive shoulder and active elbow exercises. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016 Jul;24(7):2238-43

Ellenbecker TS, Sueyoshi T, Bailie DS. Muscular activation during plyometric exercises in 90° of glenohumeral joint abduction. Sports Health. 2015 Jan;7(1):75-9

Tsuruike M, Ellenbecker TS. Serratus anterior and lower trapezius muscle activities during multi-joint isotonic scapular exercises and isometric contractions. J Athl Train. 2015 Feb;50(2):199-210

Choi WJ, Cynn HS, Lee CH, Jeon HS, Lee JH, Jeong HJ, Yoon TL. Shrug exercises combined with shoulder abduction improve scapular upward rotator activity and scapular alignment in subjects with scapular downward rotation impairment. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2015 Apr;25(2):363-70

Huang TS, Ou HL, Huang CY, Lin JJ. Specific kinematics and associated muscle activation in individuals with scapular dyskinesis. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2015 Aug;24(8):1227-34

Lee JH, Cynn HS, Yoon TL, Ko CH, Choi WJ, Choi SA, Choi BS. The effect of scapular posterior tilt exercise, pectoralis minor stretching, and shoulder brace on scapular alignment and muscles activity in subjects with round-shoulder posture. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2015 Feb;25(1):107-14

Yamauchi T, Hasegawa S, Matsumura A, Nakamura M, Ibuki S, Ichihashi N. The effect of trunk rotation during shoulder exercises on the activity of the scapular muscle and scapular kinematics. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2015 Jun;24(6):955-64

San Juan JG, Suprak DN, Roach SM, Lyda M. The effects of exercise type and elbow angle on vertical ground reaction force and muscle activity during a push-up plus exercise. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2015 Feb 10;16:23

Yi CW, Shin JY, Kim YJ. The effects of finger extension on shoulder muscle activity. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Sep;27(9):2719-21

Jo ME, Lee SM, Jang JH, Lee SY. The influence of various resistance loads on the ratio of activity of the external rotator muscles of the shoulder and the anterior gliding of the humeral head during external rotation exercise. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Oct;27(10):3241-3

Couanis G, Breidahl W, Burnham S. The relationship between subacromial bursa thickness on ultrasound and shoulder pain in open water endurance swimmers over time. J Sci Med Sport. 2015 Jul;18(4):373-7

Ngomo S, Mercier C, Bouyer LJ, Savoie A, Roy JS. Alterations in central motor representation increase over time in individuals with rotator cuff tendinopathy. Clin Neurophysiol. 2015 Feb;126(2):365-71



Lawrence RL, Braman JP, Laprade RF, Ludewig PM. Comparison of 3-dimensional shoulder complex kinematics in individuals with and without shoulder pain, part 1: sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, and scapulothoracic joints. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2014 Sep;44(9):636-45, A1-8

Kaur N, Bhanot K, Brody LT, Bridges J, Berry DC, Ode JJ. Effects of lower extremity and trunk muscles recruitment on serratus anterior muscle activation in healthy male adults. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2014 Dec;9(7):924-37

Jeong SY, Chung SH, Shim JH. Comparison of Upper Trapezius, Anterior Deltoid, and Serratus Anterior Muscle Activity during Push-up plus Exercise on Slings and a Stable Surface. J Phys Ther Sci. 2014 Jun;26(6):937-9

Lee S, Lee D, Park J. Effect of the Shoulder Flexion Angle in the Sagittal Plane on the Muscle Activities of the Upper Extremities when Performing Push-up plus Exercises on an Unstable Surface. J Phys Ther Sci. 2014 Oct;26(10):1589-91

Radwan A, Francis J, Green A, Kahl E, Maciurzynski D, Quartulli A, Schultheiss J, Strang R, Weiss B. Is there a relation between shoulder dysfunction and core instability? Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2014 Feb;9(1):8-13

Pizzari T, Wickham J, Balster S, Ganderton C, Watson L. Modifying a shrug exercise can facilitate the upward rotator muscles of the scapula. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2014 Feb;29(2):201-5

Cools AM, Borms D, Cottens S, Himpe M, Meersdom S, Cagnie B. Rehabilitation Exercises for Athletes With Biceps Disorders and SLAP Lesions: A Continuum of Exercises With Increasing Loads on the Biceps. Am J Sports Med. 2014 Jun;42(6):1315-22

Park JY, Hwang JT, Oh KS, Kim SJ, Kim NR, Cha MJ. Revisit to scapular dyskinesis: three-dimensional wing computed tomography in prone position. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014 Jun;23(6):821-8

Moeller CR, Bliven KC, Valier AR. Scapular muscle-activation ratios in patients with shoulder injuries during functional shoulder exercises. J Athl Train. 2014 May-Jun;49(3):345-55

Park SY, Ahn TK, Eom JH, Youn HJ, Kim IK, Yoo WG. Scapulothoracic Muscle Activity during Use of a Wall Slide Device (WSD), a Comparison with the General Wall Push up Plus. J Phys Ther Sci. 2014 Jun;26(6):805-6



Lee SK, Yang DS, Kim HY, Choy WS. A comparison of 3D scapular kinematics between dominant and nondominant shoulders during multiplanar arm motion. Indian J Orthop. 2013 Mar;47(2):135-42

Rajaratnam BS, Goh JCh, Kumar PV. Control strategies to re-establish glenohumeral stability after shoulder injury. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil. 2013 Dec 6;5(1):26

Stackhouse SK, Eisennagel A, Eisennagel J, Lenker H, Sweitzer BA, McClure PW. Experimental pain inhibits infraspinatus activation during isometric external rotation. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013 Apr;22(4):478-84

De Mey K, Danneels L, Cagnie B, Van den Bosch L, Flier J, Cools AM. Kinetic chain influences on upper and lower trapezius muscle activation during eight variations of a scapular retraction exercise in overhead athletes. J Sci Med Sport. 2013 Jan;16(1):65-70

Ha SM, Kwon OY, Cynn HS, Lee WH, Kim SJ, Park KN. Selective activation of the infraspinatus muscle. J Athl Train. 2013 May-Jun;48(3):346-52.

Lee S, Lee D, Park J. The Effect of Hand Position Changes on Electromyographic Activity of Shoulder Stabilizers during Push-up Plus Exercise on Stable and Unstable Surfaces. J Phys Ther Sci. 2013 Aug;25(8):981-4

Baertschi E, Swanenburg J, Brunner F, Kool J. Interrater reliability of clinical test to evaluate scapulothoracic motion. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2013 Nov 5;14:315.


Kawasaki T, Yamakawa J, Kaketa T, Kobayashi H, Kaneko K. Does scapular dyskinesis affect top rugby players during a game season? J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012 Jun;21(6):709-14

Gelen E, Dede M, Bingul BM, Bulgan C, Aydin M. Acute effects of static stretching, dynamic exercises, and high volume upper extremity plyometric activity on tennis serve performance. J Sports Sci Med. 2012 Dec 1;11(4):600-5

Sciascia A, Kuschinsky N, Nitz AJ, Mair SD, Uhl TL. Electromyographical comparison of four common shoulder exercises in unstable and stable shoulders. Rehabil Res Pract. 2012;2012:783824

Seitz AL, McClure PW, Lynch SS, Ketchum JM, Michener LA. Effects of scapular dyskinesis and scapular assistance test on subacromial space during static arm elevation. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012 May;21(5):631-40

Andersen CH, Zebis MK, Saervoll C, Sundstrup E, Jakobsen MD, Sjøgaard G, Andersen LL. Scapular muscle activity from selected strengthening exercises performed at low and high intensities. J Strength Cond Res. 2012 Sep;26(9):2408-16

Kolber MJ, Hanney WJ. The reliability and concurrent validity of shoulder mobility measurements using a digital inclinometer and goniometer: a technical report. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2012 Jun;7(3):306-13



Başkurt Z, Başkurt F, Gelecek N, Özkan MH. The effectiveness of scapular stabilization exercise in the patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2011;24(3):173-9

Girish G, Lobo LG, Jacobson JA, Morag Y, Miller B, Jamadar DA. Ultrasound of the shoulder: asymptomatic findings in men. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Oct;197(4):W713-9



Nyiri P, Illyés A, Kiss R, Kiss J.Intermediate biomechanical analysis of the effect of physiotherapy only compared with capsular shift and physiotherapy in multidirectional shoulder instability. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010 Sep;19(6):802-13

Merolla G, De Santis E, Campi F, Paladini P, Porcellini G. Infraspinatus scapular retraction test: a reliable and practical method to assess infraspinatus strength in overhead athletes with scapular dyskinesis. J Orthop Traumatol. 2010 Jun;11(2):105-10

Ludewig PM, Hassett DR, Laprade RF, Camargo PR, Braman JP. Comparison of scapular local coordinate systems. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2010 Jun;25(5):415-21

Yano Y, Hamada J, Tamai K, Yoshizaki K, Sahara R, Fujiwara T, Nohara Y. Different scapular kinematics in healthy subjects during arm elevation and lowering: glenohumeral and scapulothoracic patterns. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010 Mar;19(2):209-15

Lunden JB, Braman JP, Laprade RF, Ludewig PM. Shoulder kinematics during the wall push-up plus exercise. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010 Mar;19(2):216-23



Ludewig PM, Phadke V, Braman JP, Hassett DR, Cieminski CJ, LaPrade RF. Motion of the shoulder complex during multiplanar humeral elevation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Feb;91(2):378-89

Braman JD, Engel SC, LaPrade RF, Ludewig PM. In Vivo Assessment of Scapulohumeral Rhythm During Unconstrained Overhead Reaching in Asymptomatic Subject. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2009 ; 18(6): 960–967

McClure P, Tate AR, Kareha S, Irwin D, Zlupko E.A clinical method for identifying scapular dyskinesis, part 1: reliability. J Athl Train. 2009 Mar-Apr;44(2):160-4

Tate AR, McClure P, Kareha S, Irwin D, Barbe MF.  A clinical method for identifying scapular dyskinesis, part 2: validity. J Athl Train. 2009 Mar-Apr;44(2):165-73

Uhl TL, Kibler WB, Gecewich B, Tripp BL. Evaluation of clinical assessment methods for scapular dyskinesis. Arthroscopy. 2009 Nov;25(11):1240-8

Struyf F, Nijs J, De Coninck K, Giunta M, Mottram S, Meeusen R. Clinical assessment of scapular positioning in musicians: an intertester reliability study. J Athl Train. 2009 Sep-Oct;44(5):519-26

Muraki T, Aoki M, Izumi T, Fujii M, Hidaka E, Miyamoto S. Lengthening of the pectoralis minor muscle during passive shoulder motions and stretching techniques: a cadaveric biomechanical study. Phys Ther. 2009 Apr;89(4):333-41

Ackland DC, Pandy MG.Lines of action and stabilizing potential of the shoulder musculature. J Anat. 2009 Aug;215(2):184-97

Scibek JS, Carpenter JE, Hughes RE. Rotator cuff tear pain and tear size and scapulohumeral rhythm. J Athl Train. 2009 Mar-Apr;44(2):148-59

Szucs K, Navalgund A, Borstad JD. Scapular muscle activation and co-activation following a fatigue task. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2009 May;47(5):487-95

Kim HM, Teefey SA, Zelig A, Galatz LM, Keener JD, Yamaguchi K. Shoulder strength in asymptomatic individuals with intact compared with torn rotator cuffs. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Feb;91(2):289-96

Tashjian RZ, Deloach J, Porucznik CA, Powell AP. Minimal clinically important differences (MCID) and patient acceptable symptomatic state (PASS) for visual analog scales (VAS) measuring pain in patients treated for rotator cuff disease. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2009 Nov-Dec;18(6):927-32.


Ellenbecker TS, Sueyoshi T, Winters M, Zeman D. Descriptive report of shoulder range of motion and rotational strength six and 12 weeks following arthroscopic superior labral repair. N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 2008 May;3(2):95-106

Lehman GJ, Gilas D, Patel U. An unstable support surface does not increase scapulothoracic stabilizing muscle activity during push up and push up plus exercises. Man Ther. 2008 Dec;13(6):500-6

Tate AR, McClure PW, Kareha S, Irwin D. Effect of the Scapula Reposition Test on shoulder impingement symptoms and elevation strength in overhead athletes. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2008 Jan;38(1):4-11

Kibler WB, Sciascia AD, Uhl TL, Tambay N, Cunningham T. Electromyographic analysis of specific exercises for scapular control in early phases of shoulder rehabilitation. Am J Sports Med. 2008 Sep;36(9):1789-98

Teece RM, Lunden JB, Lloyd AS, Kaiser AP, Cieminski CJ, Ludewig PM. Three-dimensional acromioclavicular joint motions during elevation of the arm. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2008 Apr;38(4):181-90

Lewis JS, Valentine RE. Intraobserver reliability of angular and linear measurements of scapular position in subjects with and without symptoms. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Sep;89(9):1795-802


McCabe RA, Orishimo KF, McHugh MP, Nicholas SJ. Surface electromygraphic analysis of the lower trapezius muscle during exercises performed below ninety degrees of shoulder elevation in healthy subjects. N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 2007 Feb;2(1):34-43

Bitter NL, Clisby EF, Jones MA, Magarey ME, Jaberzadeh S, Sandow MJ. Relative contributions of infraspinatus and deltoid during external rotation in healthy shoulders. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2007 Sep-Oct;16(5):563-8

Cools AM, Declercq GA, Cambier DC, Mahieu NN, Witvrouw EE. Trapezius activity and intramuscular balance during isokinetic exercise in overhead athletes with impingement symptoms. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2007 Feb;17(1):25-33



Hardwick DH, Beebe JA, McDonnell MK, Lang CE. A comparison of serratus anterior muscle activation during a wall slide exercise and other traditional exercises. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006 Dec;36(12):903-10

Borich MR, Bright JM, Lorello DJ, Cieminski CJ, Buisman T, Ludewig PM. Scapular angular positioning at end range internal rotation in cases of glenohumeral internal rotation deficit. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006 Dec;36(12):926-34

Kibler WB, Sciascia A, Dome D. Evaluation of apparent and absolute supraspinatus strength in patients with shoulder injury using the scapular retraction test. Am J Sports Med. 2006 Oct;34(10):1643-7

Rabin A, Irrgang JJ, Fitzgerald GK, Eubanks A. The intertester reliability of the Scapular Assistance Test. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006 Sep;36(9):653-60



Borstad JD, Ludewig PM. The effect of long versus short pectoralis minor resting length on scapular kinematics in healthy individuals. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2005 Apr;35(4):227-38



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Neumann DA, Camargo Pr. Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles – part 1: serratus anterior. Braz J Phys Ther. 2019 Nov – Dec;23(6):459-466.

Camargo PR, Neumann DA. Kinesiologic considerations for targeting activation of scapulothoracic muscles – part 2: trapezius. Braz J Phys Ther. 2019 Feb 3. pii: S1413-3555(18)31082-7

Lawrence RL, Braman JP, Ludewig PM. Shoulder kinematics impact subacromial proximities: a review of the literature. Braz J Phys Ther. 2019 Jul 24. pii: S1413-3555(19)30218-7



Rio E, Kidgell D, Moseley GL, Gaida J, Docking S, Purdam C, Cook J. Tendon neuroplastic training: changing the way we think about tendon rehabilitation: a narrative review. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Feb;50(4):209-15. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-095215



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Cools AM, Johansson FR, Borms D, Maenhout A. Prevention of shoulder injuries in overhead athletes: a science-based approach. Braz J Phys Ther. 2015 Sep-Oct;19(5):331-9



Struyf F, Nijs J, Mottram S, Roussel NA, Cools AM, Meeusen R. Clinical assessment of the scapula: a review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2014 Jun;48(11):883-90

Cools AM, Struyf F, De Mey K, Maenhout A, Castelein B, Cagnie B. Rehabilitation of scapular dyskinesis: from the office worker to the elite overhead athlete. Br J Sports Med. 2014 Apr;48(8):692-7



Kibler WB, Ludewig PM, McClure PW, Michener LA, Bak K, Sciascia AD. Clinical implications of scapular dyskinesis in shoulder injury: the 2013 consensus statement from the ‘Scapular Summit’. Br J Sports Med. 2013 Sep;47(14):877-85



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Ludewig PM, Reynolds JF. The association of scapular kinematics and glenohumeral joint pathologies. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2009 Feb;39(2):90-104


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Caldwell C, Sahrmann S, Van Dillen L. Use of a movement system impairment diagnosis for physical therapy in the management of a patient with shoulder pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2007 Sep;37(9):551-63

Abbott Z, Richardson JK. Subacromial impingement syndrome as a consequence of botulinum therapy to the upper trapezii: a case report. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Jul;88(7):947-9



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